Oriental Firebellied Toads (Bombina orientalis)

Oriental Firebellied Toads: The Firebellied Toad, also known as Bombina orientalis, is a member of the Discoglossidae family. As a member of this family, their main feature is that their tongues do not extend like other toads or frogs. Therefore, to feed they leap forward to catch their prey in their mouths while using their forearms to stuff the prey in the rest of the way.

These toads are native to south-eastern Siberia, north-eastern China, and Korea.

The toads spend most of their time in the water or on wet surfaces. So to build a home for these animals it is necessary to create what is known as a vivarium. It is a very moist environment with temperatures ranging from 74 degrees Celsius to 78 degrees Celsius. It must contain a water hole and a moist land area to place their food.

These toads can only eat live food because they hunt by movement. Their diet may consist of houseflies, bluebottles, assorted moth larvae, earthworms, mealworms, Zoophobas, crickets and guppies. The toads should be fed 2 times a week and any dead prey should be removed immediately.

The toads also change color, going through cycles of bright green to dark olive green. Their skin turns dark green when they are about to shed and then after they shed it turns back to bright green. This is a very normal cycle and indicates that they are actually healthy.

Telling the difference between male and female firebellied toads is very difficult to do. The males are the only ones that make noises, usually in the form of barking. The males during breeding season also have black horny nuptial pads on their fingers and forearms. Other then that, it is very hard to distinguish between the two.

The toads seen on this page are apart of the vivarium I have created. There are two females and one lucky male. They have been seen mating, but there has not been any eggs or tadpoles spotted as of yet. The toads are given crickets every other day and can be seen going through the cycle of color changes when they shed. They seem to be doing quite well so far and hopefully will continue to do so.

The toads have brilliantly colored bellies which are used as warning signs that they are poisonous. The poisons are secreted onto their skin to cover the entire body. The toxins secreted by these toads can irrate or sting a human's eyes and or face. When threatened, the toads will arch their backs and display their brightly colored bellies as a warning.