fire-bellied newt (Genus: Cynops Species: Orientalis )
Common Names: Chinese fire-bellied
newt, dwarf fire-bellied newt, oriental fire-bellied newt, China-Imori
General Description: Color of back
is black, and color of belly is spotted orange. The skin texture is smooth,
and they have generally flattened bodies. At maturity they will be approximately
4 inches. Life span can exceed 15 years.
The Chinese fire-bellied newts originate from eastern central China. They
originate from cool, still waters with large areas of vegetation.
Tank Environment: The
tank should range from 60-72° F. They may be kept at temperatures
around 40° F before breeding. However, this is not recommended for
the constant temperature. Large pieces of gravel should be used to line
the bottom of the tank in order to keep the ! newts from digesting them.
Sand, and plants are also recommended for the general comfort of the newt.
Although newts are primarily aquatic they should be given the option of
surfacing to land, in this case a lily pad, or general land mass would
be sufficient. The tank should be cleaned every two to three weeks.
The newts should be fed live food. This will help maintain health. Some
good examples of food are bloodworms, small mealworms, earthworms that
are cut into tiny pieces, or small shrimp. For larger newts crickets,
and small guppies may also be acquired. The newt should be fed two or
three times a week, overfeeding will produce excess waste in the tank.
This excess waste builds up to become toxins in the water.
This is a very difficult task. The female is more cylindrical, while
the male is more oval. The male also has a short filament at the end of
his tail. In some species the male also has a change in coloration at
the end of his tail.
Reproduction: Mating generally occurs
in the spring. The male will deposit the spermatophore, which is a small
pyramid containing sperm, on the bottom of the tank. He will then wrap
his tail around the female, and rub her against the spermatophore to fertilize
the pile. The female will deposit them on leaves where they will continue
to grow. If the newts are reproducing in a tank the larvae must be separated
from the adults, otherwise they will be eaten.