Phenolics contain a fully saturated 6 carbon ring linked to an oxygen.
They range from simple tannins that precipitate proteins to the more complex flavans/flavonoids that give plants much of their red, blue, yellow, and white water soluble pigments.
Lignin, a phenyl propane, contains coumarins that inhibit microorganisms and seed germination, and stimulate breakdown of IAA. We know it better as one of the compounds used by plants to fortify and strengthen their walls.
Complex phenolics called polyphenols have many effects on humans: multiple examples are given below..
Silymarin protects against lesions of the liver and protects against toxic action in the liver. it is now being used in the treatment of drug addicts and alcoholics. See this page on milk thistle..
Canabases ( which are found in the' marijuana' plant) reduce cataracts as well as aid in nausea of those undergoing radiation treatment. Their political stance is almost as interesting as their medicinal properties. They also have a number of negative impacts on the body.. potential impacts on male reproduction, decreased ability to focus etc.)
Many polyphenols act as antioxidants or free radical receptors and thus have incredible medicinal value.
- They promote ammonia elimination.
- They have protector effects in carcinogenesis.
- They stimulate protein synthesis.
- They stabilize cell membranes in lysosomes and erythrocytes.
- They have antiseptic properties, both antiviral and antibacterial, that work on the protein metabolism level.
- They reduce capillary permeability.
- They are anti-inflammatory and antispasmodic.