Hashawa Flowers : Spring flowers ( April - May bloomers)
1. Lousewort or Fernleaf ( Pedicularis canadensis): species with hairy stems, white to mauve flowers. They resemble an elephants trunk or a turtles head-beak coming out of a shell. They are common further on the trail. The leaves are fern-like (sort of)
2. Yellow rocket ( Barbarea vulgaris) a tallish weed with yellow flowers commonly seen along the road. NO IMAGE
3. Shepards purse ( Capsella bursa) NO IMAGE
4 Spring Beauty ( Claytonia virginica ) pretty white flowers with pink stripes or veins - easy to identify and very common right now.
5. Purple Dead Nettle ( Lamium purpureum (alien - mean it was accidently broght in - quite a weed!) Lamiaceae (Labiatae, Mint family)
6. Jack in the Pulpit ( Arisaema triphyllum) : very unique plant with single flower or spathe - curving rdged green hood with brown or streaked lines. I found only a few, but they are quite large..- be careful not to trample them down
7. Garlic mustard ( Allaria officnalis) small 4 petals white in clusters; common right now
8/9. Violets : several species here all genera Viola. Both Common right now
Yellow : may be the downy or smooth - see your guide
Purple: common blue or marsh blue
10. Star Chickweed (Stellaria pubera) : 5 white petals which look like 10 as each is split (cleft ) to the half to create the illusion of 2. Common right now
11. Trout lily is past its bloom - 3 yellow petals. NO IMAGE WARRANTED>> there is one out there though!
12. Common strawberry ( Fragaria virginiana) . Pretty common about - white petals, with 3 split leaf with serrated edges. Look just like the domesticated one in lab except a bit smaller.
13. Henbit (Lamium amplexicule) or ground ivy ( Glechoma hederacea) ?: small elongate purple flowers with round scalloped leaves. We went with the ground ivy as the leaves were long stalked ( with petiole) and in henbit the leaves clasp the stem as well as having more space between the leaf nodes.
14. May apple ( Podophyllum peltatum) a single white flower which hides under the junction of tthe petioles of the 2 large leaves. If there is only 1 leaf, then it wont flower yet . Seeds and vegative parts poisonous ( dont nibble). Few are open yet.. this was taken last year.
15. Cinquefoil or 5 fingers ( Potentilla canadensis) common small yellow flower, 5 petals, sort of like strawberry, but leaves but cut into 5 sections instead of 3 ( palmately compound) .
16. Blue or greek valerian ( Polemonium reptans) smooth weak stemed plants with light blue flowers in small clusters. compound leaf. quite common later on trail.I went back to check if this was correct as the related species Jacob's Ladder ( Polemonium van-bruntiae) looks very similar. However Jacobs blooms in the summer, not spring which valerian does, and jacobs has 15-21 leaflets while valerian has only 11-17 and the specimens I looked at had much fewer leaflets. So I will go with the original identification..
17. I checked both the Newcombs book and went online to several sources. Acording to the images of the leaves and flowers I found in numerous places, it does really look like a Spring Cress ( Cardamine bulbosa)
.Flowering: March-June. * Field Marks: This is the only bittercress with large flowers and untoothed or merely toothed, not deeply divided leaves. * Habitat: Low woods, wet meadows, along streams, marshes. * Habit: Perennial herbs with short, thick tubers. * Stems: Erect, usually unbranched, smooth, up to 15 inches tall. * Leaves: Of 2 kinds, the basal oblong to ovate, usually heart-shaped at base, on long leaf stalks, the leaves of the stem alternate, simple, ovate to lanceolate, pointed at the tip, tapering to the base, without teeth or with sparse teeth, smooth, up to 2 inches long, usually without leaf stalks. * Flowers: Several in terminal racemes, white, with slender stalks.
The following 2 images come from govt sources, taxonmy approved......