The 5 Kingdoms of Life

 

Scientific studies have lead us to understand that there are five kingdoms of life. Each kingdom contains much diversity, however each s important in the living world. Every organism holds a specific role and they interact with one another at a various times.

 

 

Moneran Kingdom

Monerans are one -celled organisms that have been present on earth for about 3.5 billion years. These one celled organisms do not have a nucleus. There are about 1800 species of monerans that have bee named. Monerans are grouped into bacteria and cyanobacteria.

bacterial types. photo taken by n. crumpler using video flex camera

Protist Kingdom

The protist are a more varied group. Most protist are one-celled, however some are many celled. They are more complex ha the monerans, they have a nucleus that controls the cell's activities. They have been around on earth for about a billion years and there are about 38,00 species identified.

photo taken by Y.Tsukii website

 

Plant Kingdom

Plants are many-celled organisms. There are about a quater of a million known plant species. The oldest sign of a plant fossil is 400 million years old.

photo taken by n.crumpler using digital camera

Fungus Kingdom

Fungi may be one-celled or many celled organisms. The are decomposers. Yeast and mold are an example of fungus.

 

Animal Kingdom

Animals are extremely complex organisms with many cells. Evidence of animals dates as far back as 700 million years. There are about one million known animal species. They vary in shape, size and color. the my have wings and some do not. Some walk on four while others walk on three. Humans, whales, elephants and worms are all examples of this kingdom.

photo taken by n. crumpler using digital camera

Lesson One

Objective: The students will be able to:

* explain the characteristics the make up the five kingdoms of life.

Engagement: The teacher will display an organisms from each kingdom and have students classify which kingdom they think the organism belongs.

 

Explore: The teacher will have the students gather organisms from a nearby pond, park or forest. In cooperative learning groups have the students classify which kingdom of life n which organism belongs.

 

Explain: The teacher will describe how and why organisms are classified in each specific kingdom. The teacher will use visual aids for the visual learners and possibly manipulative of organisms for the kinesthetic learner.

 

Elaborate: The teacher will now create an overhead transparency table of the five kingdoms and there characteristics. The students will now copy the table to keep in their notebooks. See example below.

Kingdom

Monera

Portist

Fungi

Plant

Animal

Cell Make-up

one-celled

one- and many- celled

one- and many- celled

many-celled

many-celled

Nutrition

make their own food and obtain food from others

make their food and obtain food from others

all obtain food from others

make their own food

obtain food from others

Examples

bacteria

cynaobacteria

Amoeba

Paramecium

Mushrooms

Yeast

Vascular

Nonvascular

Invertebrates

Vertebrates

Evaluate: Have students use their tables they copied to show similarities and differences of the five kingdoms on a Venn diagram.

 

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